The political economy of Pohnpei is described by Reisenberg (1968) . Hanlon (pp 70-71) gives a succinct description of this economy. Subjects served their chiefs through tribute and labor. In return " [t]he nahmwarki [paramount chief] acknowledged the work of the people with gifts called kepin koanat. While usually referring to direct gifts of food, the term kepin koanoat in a broader sense implied any gesture of recognition by the nahnmwarki. Titles, land rights, the settlement of disputes, and chiefly consent were all, in a sense, kepin koanoat. "