Peattie (1988) notes that Japanese policy in Micronesia included the weakening of traditional authority, heavy immigration of Japanese (or Okinawans), cultural assimilation of indigenous peoples, economic development to make the island colonies self supporting and eventual militarization. By 1945, because of militarization, Japanese on Pohnpei outnumbered Pohnpeians by more than two to one ( Bascom, 1965,p. 8). Virtually all resident Japanese were repatriated after U.S. occupation after the war. A few families, who had intermarried, were allowed to return. Today the Japanese population is small.