Map Gallery of Africa


  1. General Reference Maps
  2. Thematic Maps
  3. Historic Map

1. General Reference Maps


Regions Map of Africa

This map shows the traditional breakdown of Africa into it’s five distinct regions. This map is very easy to observe and interpret because of it’s use of colors to distinguish the separate areas of the map.


Political Map of Africa

This political map of Africa is beneficial for the use of identifying the separate countries and political boundaries. The map is easy to read, and the political boundaries are clearly marked. The use of color is useful to differentiate between countries.

Relief Map of Africa

This relief map of Africa distinctly shows the differences in elevation over the entire geographical area of Africa. The use of color greatly defines the separation in elevation. The map contains great detail of these distinctions along with a useful key to analyze the elevation of the area.

Physical Map of Africa

This physical map of Africa shows the major physical regions of the continent. It uses color to separate deserts, rivers, basins, valleys, and others. It is very easy to understand and analyze. It also has a scale to show the relative size of each of these physical features.  

2. Thematic Maps


Population Density in Africa

This population density map of Africa shows the concentration of persons per square kilometer. It uses color to effectively distinguish between the different levels of concentration. It also includes a scale to observe the relative size of the population in each region. The population is much less dense in desert areas as shown by the lightest colors on the map. The higher areas of concentration are represented with the darker shades.

Language Distribution in Africa

 This map identifies the distribution of different languages spoken throughout Africa. These languages also represent the distinct cultural differences throughout the region. Notice the Indo-European influence in parts of Southern Africa. Also note that these languages diffused throughout neighboring areas, such as the Middle East and parts of Southern Europe.      


Climate Map of Africa

This is a very colorful climate map of the different regions of Africa. It represents the diverse climate classifications present throughout Africa. The desert area is the predominant climate classification of Northern Africa, while the Tropical areas are mainly concentrated in the Central and Southern parts of Africa.

Diamond Occurrence Map of Africa

Diamonds are one of Africa’s most important natural resources. This map shows the distribution of diamond occurrences in Africa. Central and Southern Africa are the major areas in which diamonds are found and collected. The map is uses color to clearly show the areas of diamond distribution. It is easy to read and analyze.

Vegetation/Agriculture in Africa

In many areas of Africa, including the deserts, agriculture is not a major industry for many Africans. However, there are some areas in which agriculture is very helpful to the people. This map shows the vegetation and agriculture areas of Africa. The colors are very distinct and the map is easy to read. The map clearly shows the areas in which agriculture is more predominant. The scale is also available to determine the relative size of the agricultural areas.

Natural Resources of Africa

This map shows some of the natural resources that are available in the natural environment of Africa. As seen in an earlier map, diamonds are one of the most important industries and natural resources on the continent. However, there are many other resources too. The map uses color and a clear key to successfully represent these resources and their distribution throughout the region. 

Weather Maps

Current Temperature Map of Africa

This map shows the current temperature distribution throughout Africa. The map analyzes color to effectively show the differences in temperature. This map is good to observe the overall differences in temperature in the different regions of Africa. The scale of temperature is easy to read and apply to the map. Notice the temperature increase in the central areas of Africa and the decrease in temperature in the Northern and Southern Areas of Africa.


Current Relative Humidity Map of Africa

This map demonstrates the updated relative humidity levels in Africa. It is a very colorful map, which makes it easy to read the scale and apply it to the different areas of the map. The relative humidity in Africa greatly increases the heat index when combined with the temperatures as seen in the previous map. Notice that the coastal areas tend to be cooler in reference to humidity levels and parts of Northern Africa represent the most humid areas of the continent.



3.Historic Maps

European Influence Map

Africa has a very rich history in which many diverse European countries had an influence on. This very colorful map and key clearly represent which nations in Africa were under the control/influence of European nations. Notice how France and Britain has a lot of influence over the African region. This map is very simple to understand and interpret.

HIV/AIDS Map of Africa

The HIV/AIDS crisis in Africa has been a part of Africa’s culture and history for generations. This map shows the areas where HIV/AIDS is most prevalent in adults. This map and key uses color distinctions to successfully show the different concentrations of HIV/AIDS in Africa. Notice how Southern areas of Africa generally have the highest concentrations of the disease.


Submitted by: Ray Mikkleson and Cara Wurtz on 27 April 2007.

A selection of maps created for Geography 1000: Fundamentals of World Regional Geography at University of Omaha, NE