Map Gallery of Europe


1. General Reference Maps


2. Thematic Maps

A) Cultural Maps

B) Environmental Map

3. Historical Maps

note: click on any map for a larger view

1. General Reference Maps


Political Map of Europe

This scanned political map of Europe is good for general geographical political purposes.  Like the relief map below of Europe, this map is sharp and its selection of colors is as aesthetically pleasing. This map was reduced to fit on this page. 

Relief Map of Europe

This scanned relief map of Europe is good for a general geographical overview of major boundaries, landforms, mountain ranges, bodies of water, and countries in Europe.  The map is aesthetically pleasing, but lacks detail. This map was reduced to fit on this page.

Map of European Economic Associations

This is a map created in 1996 showing which countries are in the European Union, European Free Trade Association, or have association agreements with the European Union. Note: as of 1996 the EU has not extended into the former Warsaw Pact or Yugoslavia. This map only displays a countries border, capital, and economic relation to the EU.

2. Thematic Maps

A. Cultural Maps

Population Density in Europe

The population density map above shows very clearly where the heavy centers of population are located.  The state boarder lines sometimes get lost in the colors, but overall are mostly visible.  The use of colors on this map works effectively to draw the viewer’s attention towards the bright reds and oranges, which represent the areas of heaviest population. This map would be better if the names of the countries, and biggest cities were included on the map.

Distribution Map of European Nuclear Power Plants

This is a map of European Nuclear Power Plants. The red rectangles represent the NPPs, with areas, proportional to the total MWe power of each one. The green rectangles represent the major European towns. This map is only an outline of Europe and would be more effective with country borders clearly delineated.

Distribution map of Power Plants in Europe

This is a map showing where heavy concentrations of traditional, hydroelectric, and nuclear power plants are located in Europe. Note: the heavy concentration of power plants along the Rhine River and in the Low Countries. Also, note the heavy concentration of hydroelectric power stations in northern Italy.

Industrial Map of Europe

This map shows the distribution of several major industries throughout Europe. The details on the map tend to blur together due to the low resolution of this map. Note: the heavy concentration of industry along the Rhine and in the Low countries and compare this with the above map on power plant distribution.

B. Environmental Map

Acid Rain Risk Map of Europe

This is a map showing the areas of acid rain risk ranging from low to high. Note: the general Southeastern trend of high risk away from the industrial heartland of Europe. Compare this map with the industrial and power plant distribution maps. This map could be improved by showing the source and types of the pollutants that cause acid rain.

3. Historical Maps

A Contemporary Map of Europe- 1815

 This is a contemporary map of Europe created at the time of the Congress of Vienna at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. The map is not very detailed and it omits the numerous states found in southern Germany. The names of the Italian city- states are also hard to read. Compare this map with the map below on Europe at the outbreak of the First World War. Note: the creation of new countries at the expense of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.       

Europe at the outbreak of the First World War

This is a simplistic map detailing the division of Europe into two opposing power groups at the outbreak of World War One. The map is inaccurate in showing Portugal as an allied power in 1914. Portugal joined the allies in 1916. Compare and contrast this map to the modern political map of Europe. Note: the countries created upon the collapse of the Austro- Hungarian Empire, and the current situation in the Balkans.


Submitted by: David Hansen

Last Updated on 31 January 2001