a. draw mental maps by hand; compare to actual; then draw again
b. draw mental maps by hand; identify errors with map
ability to identify errors on a drawn mental map indicates that people can't externalize mental maps well
c. draw maps to depict locations or statistical data
d. folding map exercise for continents
e. assignments with atlases
f. map reading for wayfinding (make child the navigator)
3. Computer (interactive)
a. computer games
1. zip, zap, map
2. Carmen Sandiego
b. electronic atlases
c. trip planning software
d. web surfing; www.mapquest.com;
1. By concentrating on 3 R's, education has neglected the right side of brain.
2. The mental map needs to be seen as an important part of education, particularly useful in geographic education.
3. There may be individual differences in mental mapping / imagery. These differences may be overcome through more education, or not.
4. Active / interactive methods seem to be the best in acquiring mental maps.
5. Many maps are distributed through the web. This can be a good source of acquiring mental maps.